Tag Archives: back end

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All about Application Stack

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The concept of the application stack is mainly a combination of programming languages, tools and frameworks that are being used by the developers so that he could create web and mobile applications. It includes two main components to any application which are known as client side and server side also called as front end and back end.

A stack is created by building one layer of applications atop the other through the codes and hardware modules ranging from generic to specific. It contains different layers of components and servers that can use by developers for building the software applications and solutions.

Anatomy of applications stack: As we know that tech stack comes with the two software components which are front end and back end.

Front End (Client Side): As its name suggests that it is where the real interaction with the user happens. In this, the user will interact with the website or the web app or mobile app depending what he is using.

Front end includes three main technologies:
• HTML – It is markup language
• CSS – The style sheet
• JavaScript – it is browser scripting language

The biggest advantage of these frameworks is that they give us the opportunity to create high intuitive user interfaces. The both are languages are independent and the type of stack does not matter which we are using for the server side, it will still function automatically as per our expectations.

Backend (Server Side): This consists a server along with an application and database. Server side is the umbrella term which is used by the developers to perform the following functions for the websites such as programming the business logic and working with databases etc.

This server side stack is able to respond to user requests as well as accesses the databases and executive simple create, read, update and delete operations. The most popular backend stacks which are used by the developers are LAMP and Python.

Middleware: This concept is little bit more esoteric and also consists application servers, content managements systems as well as web servers and similar tools that are supporting app development and delivery. It facilitates standard communication and management of data between the front end and back end of tech stack.

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Front End Vs Back End Developers

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If you have an interest in programming, website development and application development, then probably the developing career is the right choice for you. When it comes to the developers, it includes two groups to choose form which are front end developers and back end developers.

Here are some of essential points of differences in these two developers in terms of description, skills, and programming languages to help you in your decision:


Front End Developers: A front end developer is a person who is able to create the front end of a website or other applications. It is the part that users engage with in order to get to the information in the back end.

Back End Developers: On the other hand, a back end developer is someone who creates the storage and output capabilities of this information. It works on optimizing the database as well as customizing the Word-press. In addition to this, it also creates the plugins needed to create the overall functionality of the client website.

Skills: We often think that what kinds of skills are needed by front end and back end developers? Well, the answer is here. Both are required to perform some heavy lifting in the programming department.

From end developers are needed to have a better grab for the user interface design and visual appeal in comparison to the back end developers. Additional skills that they are needed is that will have to go beyond programming which also includes the ability to wireframe a website layout and design as well as creating the website designs in PSD and turn them into the functional websites.

On the other hand, the back end developers have some sort to do with the design of the website or application. They mainly concentrate on what makes everything work behind the scenes. If any person is interested in design, then back end development is the right choice for you.

Programming Languages:

The front end developers should possess only these front end languages which are HTML, CSS, IQuery and JavaScript.
While the back end developers have to be expert in the programming languages that are rendering on the server side of the website or application. The most popular programming languages are PHP. Ruby on Rails and Java.